The paper proposes a systematic review of the literature on the ergonomic design of workplace layout based on anthropometric measurements. The main objective is to provide the reader with an accurate overview on the main scientific approaches proposed by researchers and scientists working in this specific area. The paper passes through the description of several research works as they run through the literature review. The initial search identifies a huge number of articles which were reduced to about 30 studies based on content and quality. The descriptive analysis of the literature reveals heterogeneity in the content of the scientific approaches due to the different principles, methods and tools applied for improving the interaction between humans and their working environment. Knowledge of human abilities, limitations and physiological conditions shout is taken into consideration.