Jornal de Relatórios Farmacológicos

Jornal de Relatórios Farmacológicos
Acesso livre


Lung Abscess: Etiology and Therapy

Ma'moun Al-Fawaris*, Noor Mustafa, Lama Al-Masri, Husam Bardan

Background: Lung abscesses are considered one of the diseases that affect humans of all ages, which occur as a result of infection that affects the respiratory system, and it occurs in males more than female.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 122 patients from Damascus Hospital where All patients with a lung abscess and divided into two groups: patients with primary lung abscess (81.1%) and patient with secondary lung abscess (18.9%) who met the exclusion and inclusion criteria were accepted.

Results: The sample included 122 patients, all of whom had lung abscess, (males 72.2%, females 27.9%), the percentage of patients between 40 and 50 years of age was 29.5%, which is the most age group in the study, most of patients were from Damascus countryside (39.3%), most of the patients were smoked cigarettes (57.4%). As for the type of lung abscess, the largest percentage of lung abscess was without surgical intervention, (81.1%), and the method of diagnosis was based mainly on R-xay (57.4%), and the treatment was based mainly on antibiotics (75.4%), right lower lung lobe mainly Infected (32.8%), anaerobes is mainly causative agent (54.1%), and deaths occurred in (11.5%) of patients.

Conclusion: The most important causative factor for a lung abscess is anaerobes. There is no statistically significant relationship between the duration and amount of smoking and the incidence of lung abscess. There is no statistically significant relationship mortality and method of treatment and type of causative agent.