ISSN: ISSN: 2157-7412
Ashraf Marzouk El Tantawi
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles contain inner and outer membranes amino acids genes, that move, fuse, and divide according to the needs of the cell through stimulation from ribosomal genes activities for responding and activities of biological molecules in cells tissue metabolism . Mitochondria have a characteristic double membranes structure and function between inner and outer membranes in slightly and widely activities. The inner membrane is fully controlled by ribosomes RNAs but outer membrane is synthesised and controlled by inner membrane long-OPA1 gene (L-OPA1 gene) where outer membrane manly synthesised and controlled by mitochondrial inner membrane( MIM) to implement the functions of the inner membranethe (MIM) and running its programed processes.