Jornal de termodinâmica e catálise

Jornal de termodinâmica e catálise
Acesso livre

ISSN: 2157-7544


Organotin(IV) Complexes as Catalyst for Biodiesel Formation: Synthesis, Structural Elucidation and Computational Studie

Muhammad Zubair

Here we have presented the synthesis of three novel triorganotin(IV) complexes: trimethylstannyl 4-(3-chloro-2-methylphenylamino)-4- oxobut-2-enoate (1); tributylstannyl 4-(3-chloro-2-methylphenylamino)-4-oxobut-2-enoate (2) and triphenylstannyl 4-(3-chloro-2-methylphenylamino)-4-oxobut-2-enoate (3). The ligand and its three complexes were spectroscopically characterized by NMR (1H and 13C) in solution and by FT-IR in solid state. Complexes 1 and 2 were further characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The X-ray crystallographic data reveal that complexes 1 and 2 both are structurally trialkytin analogs with distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry. The geometry around tin atom is constituted by three alkyl groups (methyl in complex 1 and butyl in complex 2) occupying the equatorial positions and two oxygen atoms of 4-(3-chloro-2-methylphenylamino)-4-oxobut-2-enoic acid ligand occupying the axial positions. The computational study was performed applying LANL2DZ (Los Alamos National Laboratory 2 Double-Zeta) functional with B3LYP (Lee, Yang and Parr ) level of theory to obtain the optimized geometry, spectroscopic analysis, frontier molecular orbitals as well as global and local reactivity. A good correlation was found between the experimental and computational results. The homogeneous catalytic performance of synthesized compounds was evaluated for the transesterification of corn oil with methanol into biodiesel. The obtained corn oil biodiesel (COB) was confirmed by FT-IR, 1H NMR and GC-MS. The catalytic results revealed that the complexes were active at optimized conditions and therefore can be potential candidates for the development of new catalytic system for biodiesel production.