Química Analítica Farmacêutica: Acesso Aberto

Química Analítica Farmacêutica: Acesso Aberto
Acesso livre

ISSN: 2471-2698


The Potentiality of Proteomics

Jian Zhang*

Proteomics is a relatively recent field; the term was coined in 1994 while science itself has its origins in the techniques of electrophoresis in the 1970s and 1980s. Protein research, however, has been the focus of science for a very long time. The study of proteins produces an understanding of how they affect cell processes. In contrast, this study also investigates how proteins themselves are affected by cell processes or the external environment. Proteins provide complex control of cellular machinery; in many cases, they are parts of the same machine. They perform various functions within a cell; there are thousands of different proteins and peptides in almost every living thing. The goal of proteomics is to analyze different proteomes of living things at different times in order to highlight the differences between them. Simply put, proteomics analyzes the structure and function of biological systems. For example, the proteins in a cancer cell are usually different from those of a healthy cell. Certain proteins in a cancerous cell may not be present in a healthy cell, making these unique proteins a good target for anti-cancer drugs. Achieving this goal is difficult; both the purification and identification of proteins in any organism can be prevented by biodiversity.